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Cir-Mor Paulo Lopes Falcão "Colonel" of the Portuguese military force

The King of Portugal and Algarves Dom José I consecrated Cir-Mor Paulo Lopes Falcão "Colonel" of the Portuguese military force, ordered him to leave to colonize lands in Santa Catarina - SC.

The process of occupation and colonization of the current municipality of Paulo Lopes began at the end of the 17th century, when several Azorean families, under the command of the Colonel of the Portuguese military force, Paulo Lopes Falcão, arrived and settled there.        

The first houses were of pau-a-pique and covered with straw. The banks of the rivers that cut through the cities were located. The first inhabitants built their houses, cleared the fields and cultivated the region, initially with the help of the Carijó Indians who, in small numbers, lived there and later with the help of African slaves. They were mainly dedicated to the production of cassava flour and the cultivation of corn.        

With the arrival of new colonizers from São Paulo, the lands were divided into sesmarias and delivered to the responsible masters, mostly captains and colonels, such as: Rodrigues Faísca, Martinez, Antônio Freitas and the descendants of Paulo Lopes Falcão.

In 1769, Surgeon Paulo Lopes Falcão was appointed Surgeon of the Real Hospital, Military Hospital of Época in Vila de Nossa Senhora do Desterro, by Governor Francisco de Sousa Menezes with the consent of Queen Maria I of Portugal and Algarves.

The frigate surgeon assisted the couples of Azoreans who arrived at the island, after months of travel, arrived attacked by scurvy, dehydrated, with infectious disease, among other diseases.

In the year 1789 there were only 4 doctors in the village of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro. In Santa Catarina there were already some surgeons, who were very skilled in fractures and other problems, such as the famous Surgeon Paulo Lopes Falcão, surgeon of frigates, who was given his name to the Locality of Paulo Lopes, today City of Paulo Lopes - City of Santa Catarina, dying in the year 1796.

Bibliography:

https://www.paulolopes.sc.gov.br/cms/pagina/ver/codMapaItem/58298
https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/sc/paulo-lopes/historico
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paulo_Lopes
http://historiaaulas.blogspot.com/2013/01/46-dos-finais-do-seculo-xviii.html
https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/revistacfh/article/download/23609/21240
http://bdlb.bn.gov.br/acervo/handle/20.500.12156.3/394096?locale-attribute=en
https://www.paulolopes.sc.gov.br/cms/pagina/ver/codMapaItem/58298
https://cidades.ibge.gov.br/brasil/sc/paulo-lopes/historico
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paulo_Lopes
http://historiaaulas.blogspot.com/2013/01/46-dos-finais-do-seculo-xviii.html
https://periodicos.ufsc.br/index.php/revistacfh/article/download/23609/21240
http://bdlb.bn.gov.br/acervo/handle/20.500.12156.3/394096?locale-attribute=en

His firstborn João Lopes Falcão in 1815, was a teacher "of first letters in the Desterro", according to Piazza (1982, p. 74). As a soldier, he attained the rank of Major of the National Guard. 

He was a member of the General Council of the Province of Santa Catarina, in the 2nd Legislature (1829-1832), elected with twenty votes.

Bibliography:

http://memoriapolitica.alesc.sc.gov.br/biografia/463-Joao_Lopes_Falcao

His great-uncle Sérgio Lopes Falcão was the grandson of the first surgeon of Santa Catarina (Cir-Mor Paulo Lopes Falcão). He was judge and treasury attorney, deputy in the Provincial Legislative Assembly, four times, and Secretary of the Government of the Province of Santa Catarina, in the nineteenth century.

The firstborn of João Lopes Falcão was Sérgio Lopes Falcão, who was the grandson of the first surgeon of Santa Catarina (Cir-Mor Paulo Lopes Falcão). He was judge and treasury prosecutor, deputy in the Provincial Legislative Assembly, four times, and Secretary of the Government of the Province of Santa Catarina, in the nineteenth century.

He was deputy in the Provincial Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina between the years 1846 and 1859. Appointed Judge of Law in Desterro and of the villages of São José and São Miguel (on June 29, 1846).

He was awarded the rank of Knight of the Order of Christ by D. Pedro II. by imperial decree of Dom Pedro II on October 11, 1848. Sovereign order originated from the Knights Templars who were extinguished in Europe (in 1319) and in replacement was created the Order of Christ in Portugal. 

In the same year (1948), D. Pedro II gave him the sovereign insignia of the order of Christ.

Fiscal Procurator of the Imperial Treasury, from October 6, 1860 to August 19, 1868, Secretary of the Government of the Province of Santa Catarina, from June 1, 1848 to September 31, 1848, and General Director of Public Instruction of the same Province, in 1858.

Elected four times to the Provincial Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina, he served in the following periods:

- 7th Legislature (1848-1849);
- 13th Legislature (1860-1861);
- 21st Legislature (1876-1877); 
- 22nd Legislature (1878-1879), elected by the Conservative Party, according to Gazeta de Joinville,

1877. During this mandate, he assumed the Presidency of the Presiding Board, in the absence of his peers assigned to occupy it. (O DESPERTADOR, 1877, p.1).

Appointed Chief of Police of the Province of Santa Catarina in 1873.

Tribute: Rua: Sérgio Lopes Falcão, Trindade, Florianópolis/SC.

Bibliography:

http://memoriapolitica.alesc.sc.gov.br/biografia/863-Sergio_Lopes_Falcao
http://www.snh2011.anpuh.org/resources/anais/14/1307136341_ARQUIVO_TextoAnpuh2011.pdf
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categoria:Cavaleiros_da_Imperial_Ordem_de_Cristo
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sérgio_Lopes_Falcão


His fourth great-grandmother Francisca Romana Machado de Simas, daughter of the illustrious professor and major of the Imperial National Guard João Lopes Falcão, married with another emblematic figure of national prestige the Major of the Army of the Empire Manoel Ignácio de Simas.

He took part in the campaign against Rosas, embarking on the corvette Itaparica under the command of the famous Joaquim José Inácio Viscount de Inhaúma. 

He was founding partner of the society called Defensor of the Independence of Brazil, being for this reason awarded with the habit of the Rose (Imperial Order of the Rose) by the first Emperor of Brazil Dom Pedro I.

In the city of Paranaguá, province of Paraná, he was one of the organizers of the liberal party; and there he held several positions of trust.

Bibliography:

https://revistas.ufpr.br/nep/article/download/52568/32313
https://memoria.bn.br/docreader/DocReader.aspx?bib=376493&pagfis=4348
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joaquim_José_Inácio
https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Imperial_Ordem_da_Rosa



Coat of arms and of family


































He was awarded the rank of Knight of the Order of Christ by D. Pedro II. by imperial decree of Dom Pedro II on October 11, 1848. Sovereign order originated from the Knights Templars who were extinguished in Europe (in 1319) and in replacement was created the Order of Christ in Portugal. 

In the same year (1948), D. Pedro II gave him the sovereign insignia of the order of Christ.

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