Pero Anes do Canto "Pero Anes do Canto, sometimes Pedro Anes do Canto (Guimarães, 1480 - Angra, August 18, 1556) was a Portuguese nobleman. He exercised the functions of "Ombudsman of the Fortifications" of Terceira Island, and was later distinguished with the title of Moço Fidalgo da Casa Real at the mercy of the "Ombudsman of the Navy and Naus of India in all the islands of the Azores", for himself and his children and descendants.
Biography The family is descended from Sir John of Kent Chandos, an English nobleman who accompanied the Prince of Wales to Spain in support of Pedro I of Portugal, later moving to Portugal and settling in Guimarães during the reign of João I of Portugal.
Son of João Anes do Canto and his wife Francisca da Silva, paternal grandson of Vasco Fernandes do Canto and his wife ... and great-grandson of João Fernandes de Souto Maior and his wife Maria do Canto, Pedro Anes do Canto, passed to Madeira at the end of the 15th or beginning of the 16th century in the service of the king, accompanying Vasco Afonso, his relative, vicar of Machico, Madeira Island, and visitor to the Azores islands, of which he became the universal heir. From Madeira, it is believed that he passed to Terceira during the first decade of five hundred, where he lived.
A person with a keen eye for business, he invested his leathers in the real estate market. Foreseeing a rapid growth of the town of Angra, he acquired, at a derisory price, the land that extended to the sides of Boa Nova (to the East) and Corpo Santo (to the West), which brought him annual income equivalent to the capital invested. Later, also at a low price, it acquired the place of Porto da Cruz dos Biscoitos, on the opposite side of the island, lands useless for the cultivation of cereals, where it started the cultivation of vineyards and orchards. There he established his farm, erecting a hermitage under the invocation of Our Lady of Loreto, and a large residence which he called "The Galleon". He also added extensive ploughing areas, which provided him with thick yields, assuring him ample abundance.
In 1509, he armed at his expense a ship with war people, and left Terceira for North Africa to help Arzila's Plaza-forte, then under harassment and being surrounded by the king of Fez and with the beach occupied by many bombers, a square that was one of the first to help with an armed ship, which took many people who, in great danger, landed. When he arrived, Count D. Vasco, the Portuguese governor of the square, commissioned him to recover the port of Tonbelalon, taken by the Moors; so well he disengaged from the mission that he soon regained his position, sustaining it hard until the enemy withdrew, eight days later. He defended with his company the bulwark that Count D. Vasco entrusted to him, which the future king later remunerated by granting him the addition of his Weapons. In reward for these services, D. João III of Portugal added to the old coat of arms, in a Royal Letter of January 28, 1539, a bulwark, made of red, with a silver bulwark, plastered in black, with four bombers of his colour between the battlements, and held by a silver tip; the letterhead: the corner of the coat of arms finished by a white pigeon.
As Ombudsman of the Fortifications, it is to Pedro Anes that the first defensive structures in the bay of Angra are due. He headed a squadron to fight the pirates and corsairs that then infested the sea of the Azores.
At the time, demanding the port of Biscoitos some ships of the Career of India, Pedro Anes generously restocked the vessels of meat, poultry and fruit, the same being repeated in subsequent years. For these services, he was distinguished by the sovereign with the title of Moço Fidalgo da Casa Real and, by Royal Charter of July 27, 1532, made him at the mercy of the "Provedoria das Armadas e Naus da Índia em todas as ilhas dos Açores", not only for himself, but for his children and descendants, being the first with this position.
He made five testamentary dispositions, which were approved, the 1st and 2nd respectively, on 18 April 1504, and 1 June 1543 in the note from the notary public Diogo Leitão, of the city of Lisbon, and the remaining ones, on 23 April 1547, 15 May, 1549 and 3 October 1553 in the note from João de Cêa, of the city of Angra do Heroísmo.
In these provisions he instituted, for the perpetuation of his memory and lineage, three important morgados, to which he linked the following goods, which he owned in Terceira:
to the first, the houses of Corpo Santo, São Pedro and Ribeira da Lapa, as well as their respective Quintas and forums, and the Chapel of Our Lady of Nazaré, which he had built on the so-called Quinta de São Pedro. to the second, the Houses of Lajes, Agualva, Porto Martins and Dadas do Brasil, with their respective Quintas and forums. to the third, the estates located in Três, Cinco e Seis Ribeiras de Santa Bárbara, which at the time earned 60 moios de trigo (3600 alqueires) annually, and which had been acquired, in part, with the money that the founder inherited from his relative Vasco Afonso.
These morgados, who were instituted with certain and certain obligations, and in particular to use their respective administrators, their children: António, João and Francisco, the surname Canto, which the institute declared to belong to him by his parents and grandparents, were then added to other assets, namely the following:
* the first, the House and Chapel of Our Lady of Remedies;
* the second, from some noble houses, in the parish of Biscoitos, and from a chapel under the invocation of Our Lady of Loreto;
* the third, of some noble houses and Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Natividade, in the city of Angra.
In one of these provisions the testator declared to have made in Lisbon, in the year 1544, in the note then in charge of Diogo Leitão, a deed by which he gave in favour of his brother António his legitimate paternal and maternal, with the obligation of a chapel of masses, in Guimarães, for the soul of his parents, and to be administrators of this chapel the same his brother and his generation.
He died in 1556, having determined in his will of 1543 that his body be buried in his Chapel of Our Lady of Nazareth, of St. Peter's Farm, or in St. Peter's Chapel of the Church of St. Salvador (Angra do Heroísmo), if he should die in this city; and he further determined that his heirs should place upon him a memorial with the following words:
"Sepultura de Pedro Annes do Canto, fidalgo da Casa Real d'el rei de Portugal D. John III of this name, who was the first man who went to rescue with a ship full of people the villa of Arzila in the 2nd siege, which was in the era of 1509, and being surrounded by the king of Fez ... ... was in the takeover of Azamor and the villas of ... ... and the equipped walls of the province of ... ... and captain-mor seven times of the Armadas of the said king in custody of the Naus of India.
He was married twice: the first, on September 8, 1510, in Angra do Heroísmo, to Joana Abarca, daughter of Pedro Abarca, Fidalgo de Tui; the second to D. Violante Galvão da Silva, daughter of Duarte Galvão, secretary of King D. John II of Portugal, ambassador to Rome to Pope Alexander VI, as well as to the Emperor of Germany, Maximilian I, and to the King of France, Louis XII and major chronicler of the kingdom, and his second wife Catherine of Menezes and Vasconcelos.
The trunk of this family in Terceira island is Pedro Anes do Canto, who was born in Guimarães, in the XV century, brother of Francisco do Canto, who died in Rome, and of António do Canto, who was cleric and archpriest of Nossa Senhora da Oliveira, of that city, which then had only the village forums. They were the children of João Anes do Canto, also from Guimarães, and of his wife D. Francisca da Silva.
From the first marriage he had the only son, António Pires do Canto, who married D. Catarina de Castro. From the second marriage she also had an only son, João da Silva do Canto, married to Isabel Correia. Outside those marriages he had:
1. Francisco da Silva do Canto, married to Francisca Soares, according to some historians, Luísa de Vasconcelos da Câmara, according to others. 2. Pedro do Canto. 3. Manuel do Canto, died in India, his wife's name is unknown, but he had at least one son by name: Francisco do Canto".