Elizabeth II or Elizabeth II (London, April 21, 1926) is the Queen of the United Kingdom and fifteen other independent states known as the Kingdoms of the Community of Nations, in addition to head of the Commonwealth consisting of 53 states. She is also the Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her kingdoms, she also holds the title of Defender of the Faith. When she ascended to the throne on February 6, 1952, Elizabeth became the Head of the British Community and Queen of seven independent countries: United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon. Between 1956 and 1992 the number of kingdoms varied as certain territories gained their independence and others became republics. Currently, in addition to the first four states mentioned, Elizabeth is Queen of Jamaica, Barbados, Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Isabel was born in London and was educated particularly at home. After the crisis of Crisis of the abdication of Edward VIII, Elizabeth's uncle, there was the rise of George VI to the throne, which made his firstborn the presumptive heir to the crown. Elizabeth took on public duties during the Second World War, when she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. She married Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark in 1947, with whom she had four children: Carlos, Ana, André and Eduardo. Her father died in February 1952 and Isabel rose to the throne at the age of 25. Her coronation took place the following year and was the first to be televised.